Citation needed Platform markers edit The following lists the platform markers used on heavy-rail subway lines 1, 2 and. 18 However, since October 9, 2016, line 4 trains have been operated by one person who both drives the train and operates the doors. Thus, the markers mentioned for the guard on Line 4 are now obsolete. 17 Circular Red Disk (all lines) —This marker is typically mounted on the station platform wall to assist the operator to position the train in the station. When the train is stopped with the marker located between the front of the train and the first set of doors, the train is properly spotted (that is, aligned) in the station. Circular Green Disk (Line 2 BloorDanforth) —This marker is typically mounted on the station platform wall and applies to h-type and T-1 trains. When the guard's window is aligned with this marker, under normal operating conditions, the guard knows that the train is properly spotted on the platform and it is safe to open the doors.
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On Line 3 Scarborough, light metro trains cannot switch directions except at the ends of the line as there are no intermediate crossovers between the two termini. Thus, there can be no short turns on Line. Door operation edit a t1 subway car stationary at Warden This section pertains to heavy-rail subway trains. Lines 1 and 2 use a two-person crew, one to drive the train homework and another at the rear of the train to operate the doors. On October 9, 2016, line 4 Sheppard was converted so that one person both drives the train and operates the doors. 17 With a two-person crew, an on-board train guard is responsible for opening and closing the subway car doors, and making sure no one is trapped in a door as the train leaves a station. From the subway's inception in 1954 to 1991, the train guard notified patrons that the subway car doors were closing with two short blasts from a whistle. In 1991, as a result of lawsuits, citation needed electronic chimes, using a descending three-note arpeggio (either gec c major, root position, media or between one or two semitones lower (fdb b major, root position or fdb b major, root position) and a flashing pair. The toronto rocket trains use the same door chimes and flashing orange lights as the older trains do, and also plays the additional voice announcement, "Please stand clear of the doors". Those chimes have become synonymous with the ttc and Toronto to the point that the cbc radio one local afternoon show, here and Now, includes them in its theme music.
Three women died and 100 other people were injured, a few of them seriously. This led to a major reorganization at the ttc, since contributing to maintaining a "state of good repair" (i.e., an increased emphasis on safety and maintenance of existing ttc capital/services) and less so on expansion. Operations and procedures edit terminal station reversals and short turns edit The heavy-rail subway lines were built in multiple segments with multiple crossovers. These are typically used for reversals at terminal stations, and allow arriving and departing trains to cross to and from the station's farside platform. They are also used for short turning trains at some through stations in order to accommodate paper emergency and planned service suspensions. Planned service suspensions generally occur on weekends for planned maintenance activities that are impractical to perform overnight. 16 There is only one regular short turn service that occurs during the morning rush hour on Line 1 YongeUniversity when some northbound trains short turn. Clair West station or, in rarer cases, Glencairn station.
14 15 It is to be operated by the toronto Transit Commission and management was part of the Transit City proposal announced on March 16, 2007. The 11 km, 18-stop line is to extend from Finch West station on Line 1 YongeUniversity to the north campus of Humber College. The line is forecast to carry about.6 million rides a year or 40,000 a day by 2031. Major incidents edit see also: Toronto Transit Commission incidents On March 27, 1963, there was an electrical short in writing a subway car's motor. The driver decided to continue operating the train, despite visible smoke in the affected car, until the train reached Union station. This decision resulted in the destruction of six subway cars and extensive damage to the tunnel and signal lines west of Union station. Following this incident, safety procedures involving electrical malfunctions and/or fire in subway trains, were revised to improve safety and reduce the likelihood of a similar incident occurring. On October 15, 1976, arson caused the destruction of four subway cars and damage to Christie station, resulting in the closure of part of the Bloor-Danforth line for three days, and the bypassing of Christie station for some time afterwards for repairs. On August 11, 1995, the ttc suffered the deadliest subway accident in Canadian history, known as the russell Hill accident, on the yongeUniversity line south.
Line 5 Eglinton edit main article: Line 5 Eglinton History metrolinx, a provincial crown agency, is building the 19-kilometre (12 mi) Eglinton Crosstown, a light rail line along Eglinton avenue. From mount Dennis in the west to Brentcliffe road (east of Yonge Street the line will run almost entirely underground where Eglinton avenue is generally 45 lanes wide. However, from east of Brentcliffe road to kennedy station, the line will operate on the surface in a reserved median in the middle of Eglinton avenue, where the street is at least 6 lanes wide. Building on the surface instead of tunneling reduces the cost of construction on the eastern end of the line. The average speed of the line is expected to be 28 kilometres per hour (17 mph as a comparison, the average speed of the heavy-rail Line 2 BloorDanforth is 32 kilometres per hour (20 mph). The Crosstown originated from Transit City, a plan sponsored by former Toronto mayor david Miller, to expedite transit improvement by building several light rail lines through the lower density parts of the city. Of the light rail lines proposed, only the Crosstown is under construction as of early 2017. Line 6 Finch West edit main article: Line 6 Finch West History line 6 Finch West, also known as the "Finch West lrt is an approved line planned to be built by mosaic Transit Group along Finch avenue.
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In 1968, the line was extended west to Islington station and east to warden station, and in 1980, it was further extended west to kipling station and east to kennedy station. Line 3 Scarborough edit main article: Line 3 Scarborough History Opened in 1985, the Scarborough rt (today's Line 3) is a light metro line running from Kennedy station to McCowan station. The ttc started to construct the line to use canadian Light rail Vehicles. However, the provincial government forced the conversion to Intermediate capacity Transit System technology because the province was funding the project and it owned a company that made the light metro vehicles. This line was never extended, and the current plan is to close and dismantle the line, replacing it with an extension of Line 2 to Scarborough Town housewife Centre.
Line 4 Sheppard edit main article: Line 4 Sheppard History see also: Sheppard East lrt opened in 2002, the Sheppard subway runs under Sheppard avenue from SheppardYonge station to don Mills station. The line was under construction when a change in provincial government threatened to terminate the project. However, mel Lastman, the last mayor of the former City of North York (today part of Toronto used his influence to save the project. Despite the construction of many high-rise residential buildings along the line since its opening, ridership remains low resulting in a subsidy of 10 per ride. The line was intended to be extended to Scarborough Town Centre, but because of the low ridership and the cost of tunneling, there is a plan to extend rapid transit eastwards from Don Mills station via a surface light rail line (Sheppard East lrt).
12 December 17, 2017 Line 1 TorontoYork Spadina subway extension opened from Sheppard West to vaughan Metropolitan Centre. 13 Line 1 YongeUniversity edit canada's first subway, the yonge subway, opened in 1954 with a length.4 kilometres (4.6 mi). The line ran under or parallel to yonge Street between Eglinton avenue and Union station. It replaced the yonge streetcar line, canada's first streetcar line. In 1963, the line was extended under University avenue north to Bloor Street to connect with the BloorDanforth subway (opened in 1966) at the double-deck.
In 1974, the line was extended from Eglinton station north to finch station. The Spadina segment of the line was constructed north from. George station initially to wilson station in 1978, and in 1996 to downsview station, renamed Sheppard West in 2017. Part of the Spadina segment runs in the median of an expressway, and crosses over Highway 401 on a bridge. Six decades of extensions gave the line a u-shaped route running from its two northern terminals (Finch and vaughan Metropolitan Centre stations) and looping on its southern end at Union station. The latest extension from Sheppard West to vaughan Metro centre opened on December 17, 2017, making the line.8 kilometres (24.1 mi) long, over five times its original length. Line 2 BloorDanforth edit main article: Line 2 BloorDanforth History Opened in 1966, the BloorDanforth subway runs east-west under or near Bloor Street and Danforth avenue. It replaced the Bloor streetcar line (which also served Danforth avenue). Initially, the subway line ran between keele station and woodbine station.
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12 This extension is part of the resume yongeUniversity subway. November 21, 1980 BloorDanforth subway extensions opened west to kipling and east to kennedy. 12 March 22, 1985 Line 3 Scarborough opened from Kennedy to McCowan. 12 June 18, 1987 North York centre on the yongeUniversity subway opened. It was constructed between two existing stations, SheppardYonge and Finch. 12 March 31, 1996 A "Spadina subway" extension opened from Wilson to Sheppard West (formerly downsview). November 22, 2002 Line 4 Sheppard opened from SheppardYonge to don Mills. It runs under Sheppard avenue.
It runs under or near Yonge Street, and is part of today's Line 1 YongeUniversity. 12 February 28, 1963 The "University subway" opened from Union station. This was an extension of the yonge subway, and runs under University avenue. 12 February 25, 1966 Line 2 BloorDanforth opened from keele to woodbine. It runs under or near Bloor Street and Danforth avenue. 12 may 10, 1968 BloorDanforth subway extensions opened west to Islington and east to warden. 12 March 30, 1973 a yonge subway extension opened from Eglinton to york mills. 12 March 29, and 1974 A further Yonge subway extension opened from York mills to finch. 12 January 27, 1978 The "Spadina subway" opened from.
Line 2 is extended to Scarborough Town Centre. 9 Line 4 Sheppard opened in 2002 running under Sheppard avenue east eastwards from SheppardYonge station on Line 1 to fairview Mall at Don Mills station ; it is the shortest rapid transit line in Toronto. 10 Line 5 Eglinton (also known as the Eglinton Crosstown) is a 19-kilometre (12 mi) light rail line under construction, scheduled to open in 2021. The line will have 25 stations, of which 15 will be underground, while the remaining ten will be at-grade stops accessed at the road's median. 11 Line 6 Finch West (also known as the finch West lrt) is a planned 11-kilometre (6.8 mi 18-stop line to extend from Finch West station on Line 1 YongeUniversity to the north Campus of Humber College. It is scheduled for completion in 2023, with an estimated cost.2 billion. System map edit history edit timeline of openings edit here is a list of line, extension and station openings on the toronto subway system. Date Opening March 30, 1954 The yonge subway opened from Eglinton to Union station.
Contents, overview edit, main article: Line 1 YongeUniversity History, there are 4 rapid transit lines in Toronto plus another under construction. Line 1 YongeUniversity is the longest and busiest rapid transit line in the system. It opened as the yonge subway in 1954 with a length.4 kilometres (4.6 mi 8 and since then grew to a length.8 kilometres (24.1 mi). Today, the line is U-shaped having two northern terminals looping on its southern end via union station. Line 2 BloorDanforth, opened in 1966, runs parallel to Bloor Street and Danforth avenue between Kipling station in Etobicoke and Kennedy station in Scarborough. There is a plan to extend Line 2 eastwards from Kennedy station to Scarborough Centre station. 9 Line 3 Scarborough (also known as the Scarborough rt, where retrolisthesis "RT" means rapid transit) is an above-ground medium-capacity (light metro) rail line serving the city's eponymous suburban district. It opened in 1985.
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For the font, global see, toronto subway (typeface). The, toronto subway is a rapid transit system serving, toronto, ontario, canada, operated by the. Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). It is a multimodal rail network consisting of three heavy-capacity rail lines operating predominantly underground and one elevated medium-capacity rail line, collectively encompassing 75 stations and.9 kilometres (47.8 mi) of track. 1 2, in 1954, the ttc opened Canada's first underground rail line then known as the. Yonge subway, under, yonge Street between the existing, union railway station and, eglinton avenue with 12 stations. With an average of 915,000 passenger trips each weekday recorded during the fourth quarter of 2017, 3 the system is Canada's second busiest after the. Montreal Metro and second longest by track length after the.