Answer: There are a number of conditions that can impact on moving and positioning of individuals, these include arthritis, parkinsons disease, cerebral palsy, stroke and amputation of limbs. Below are some of the problems that may occur with such conditions. Arthritis Arthritis suffers will often have stiff and painful joints and frequently a limited range of movement within the affected area. Parkinsons disease parkinsons suffers may have limb rigidity and slower reaction times. Cerebral palsy cerebral palsy suffers may have contracted muscles and/or joints that may lead to rigid limbs. Stroke stroke can lead to a permanent weakening down one side of the body, for instance one arm or leg stronger than the other. This needs to be taken into account when weight bearing or moving as to avoid putting unnecessary pressure on the weak side.
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When the impulses from the nerves stop, the muscle fibres slide back to their original position. In relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning activities, it makes the muscles not to be fractured. Correct moving and handling or positioning will business make the muscles not to strain or sprain. The individual and carers will not experience pains and discomfort. For example, the elbow and knee joints have limited movement; trying to extend these joints beyond their range can cause painful damage to the joint. Also need to understand that elderly people are not as supple as younger people and even if they do not suffer movement restriction through a medical condition. They bruise easier too and so great care has to be taken when handling, moving and positioning them especially when assisting them to sit up or when using the hoist strap. Failure to follow the care plan and any presenting conditions can lead to causing the individual injury, pain and discomfort. It may also lead to legal action being raised. Question- (1.2 describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual.
The anatomy and physiology of the human body explains that muscles are attached to the skeleton. They work like hinges or levers to pull or move particular joints when a muscle contracts, pulling the joint in the direction it is designed to move. Parts of muscles move antagonistically, that is, when one contracts, its opposite member relaxes to allow movement. Muscles can become slack, making movement slower and more difficult because increasing age and less use of the muscles. (1.1) (Continued the brain give command in order for the muscles to move. Single nerve cells in the spinal column called motor neurons form a long very thin extension of the single cell, called an axon. When an impulse travels down the axon to the muscle, a chemical is released at red its ending. Muscles are made of long fibres connected to each other lengthways by a ratchet mechanism that allows the two parts of an extension ladder to slide past each other, overlapping each other more, so that the muscles get shorter and fatter.
Be able to minimise risk before moving and positioning individuals. Be able to prepare individuals before moving and positioning. Be able to move and position an individual. Know when to seek advice from and/or involve others when moving and positioning an individual. Question- (1.1 we will write a custom essay sample on move and Position Individuals in Accordance specifically for thesis you for only.38.9/page, order now, we will write a custom essay sample on move and Position Individuals in Accordance specifically for you. For only.38.9/page, hire Writer, we will write a custom essay sample on move and Position Individuals in Accordance specifically for you. For only.38.9/page, hire Writer, outline all the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals. Answer: The study of the human body is divided into two sections called anatomy and physiology. Anatomy is the study of the structure or parts that make up the body, whilst the physiology is concerned with their function of cells, tissues and organs of the living organism.
10.2 Identify who is responsible for medication in a social care setting trained worker (normally must have a level 3 in health and social care or over) designated person individual when self medicating.3 Explain why medication must only be handled following specialist training Medication. Outcome 11 Understand how to handle and store food safely. 11.1 Identify food safety standards relevant to a social care setting The food safety act 1990 The general food Regulations 2004 The food Hygiene (England) Regulations 2006 The food Labelling Regulations 1996 Regulation (EC) no 178/2002 (lays down the general principles and requirements of food. 11.3 Identify common hazards when handling and storing food Exceeding expiry dates incorrect thawing/ cooking time cross contamination allergic reactions dangerous use of utensils hot items and cookers leaving food exposed. Learning outcomes: There are six learning outcomes to this unit-. Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals. Understand current legislation and agreed ways of working when moving and positioning individuals.
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Outcome 7 Know how to handle hazardous substances.1 Identify hazardous substances that may be found in the social care setting cleaning products personal clinical waste bodily fluids/ waste medication used needles used dressings solvents, disinfectants.2 Describe safe practices for storing hazardous substances keep hazardous. using hazardous substances always read instructions on label before using be careful not to mix substances together incorrectly you should only use substances if trained to do so using ppe as instructed (personal protective equipment) reporting any difficulties immediately disposing of hazardous substances under correct. Cooker, fire floods being aware of how to turn off main water supply ensuring taps are turned off after use. Bath, sink intruding being vigilant of security of building. Doors, windows locking doors and windows not giving out key codes to others following a procedure check-list security breach being vigilant of security of building. Doors, windows reporting any concerns following a procedure check-list.2 Outline procedures to be followed in the social care setting in the event of fire raise the alarm dial 999 or inform health and safety officer/manager immediately go to fire assembly point move self and.
There are many signs and indicators of stress the these are as follows: feeling more tearful and sensitive loss of motivation feeling more tired and lethargic changes in sleeping pattern changes in eating habits Becoming easily agitated avoiding others.2 Identify circumstances that tend to trigger. Financial, personal, work bereavements money problems health issues Family problems.3 Describe ways to manage stress Stress management starts with identifying the sources of stress in your life. This isnt as easy as it sounds. Your true sources of stress arent always obvious, and its all too easy to overlook your own stress-inducing thoughts. There are many ways of dealing with stress and overcoming your obstacles: taking time out for yourself talking through how you feel with your line manager attending any stress management courses available engaging in relaxing activities whilst away from work Exercise getting around 8 hours. 10.1 Describe the main points of agreed procedures about handling medication When it comes to handling medication in a social care setting it is important that you do so with competence, handling medication is not something to be messed around with, you must be accountable.
Own health or hygiene might pose a risk to individuals or others at work by causing infections, causing illness or causing fatalities, this can be prevented by washing hands thoroughly before preparing food and after going to the toilet, covering mouth/ turning away when coughing. 4.3 Explain the most thorough method for hand washing Method for hand washing. Hands must be washed thoroughly, after every contact with potential source of contamination/ before food preparation etc.; including: wetting hands with warm water, applying soap bar/ liquid, lathering, scrubbing, rinsing, drying with air dryer/ paper towel; ensuring that all areas of the hand are washed. 4.4 Describe when to use different types of personal protective equipment. Different types of personal protective equipment is to be used at different times for different activities these include, cooking/ preparing food, handling waste, providing personal care, cleaning equipment, any activities posing hygiene/ safety risks etc.
The types of protective clothing that can be used are, gloves, masks, aprons, hair nets and sometimes protective jackets. Outcome 5 Know how to move and handle equipment and other objects safely.1 Identify legislation that relates to moving and handling Legislation relevant to moving and handling The health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (hasaw/ hsw) The manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (mhor). 5.2 List principles for safe moving and handling There are many principles for safe moving and handling they are put in place to ensure the safety or yourself and others they are as follows: Only move/ handle when necessary assess the potential risks take steps. 5.3 Explain why it is important for moving and handling tasks to be carried out following specialist training Specialist training is given for moving and handling tasks for many reasons, with the correct training you can reduce the risk of harm or injury to yourself. Outcome 6 Understand the principles of assisting and moving an individual.1 Explain why it is important to have specialist training before assisting and moving an individual It is important to have specialist training because it helps you become aware of many things such. 6.2 Explain the importance of following an individuals care plan and fully engaging with them when assisting and moving A care plan is a document where day-to-day requirements and preferences for care and support details. Following a care plan helps you to understand and meet the individuals needs and preferences, it helps you to move and assist the individual in the correct way, it allows you to minimize injury to individuals and your self and also ensures you move.
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In accordance with policies and procedures of organisation. 3.3Explain why it is important for emergency first aid tasks only to be carried out by qualified first aiders. When an emergency occurs and first aid is required it is always important for a qualified first aider to carry out any first aid required there are many reasons for this, the most important is that if a non qualified person try s to give. Know how to reduce the spread of infection. 4.1 List routes by which an infection can get into the body routes by which an infection can. Respiratory (airborne infections breathed in) Digestive (within foods/ drinks Blood circulation (via broken skin/ wounds body fluids (sexually transmitted diseases, cross contamination, poor hygiene). 4.2 Describe ways in which own health or hygiene might pose a risk to an individual or to others at work.
There are a few ways to report a potential health and safety risk and also certain procedures which must be followed such as, you should continuously be checking for risks and hazards in your work place, if a risk or hazard is found you must. 2.4 Describe how risk assessment can help address dilemmas between an individuals rights and health and safety concern. You can address dilemmas between an individuals rights and health and safety concerns by Drawing upon legislation/ policies and procedures to justify precedence of allan health and safety concerns, by demonstrating that rights and health and safety requirements are reconciled, ensuring individuals are aware of risks. Outcome 3 understand procedures for responding to accidents and sudden illness. 3.1 Describe different types of accident and sudden illness that may occur in a social care setting. Accidents: Slips, Trips, falls, burns, Choking, misuse of equipment, etc Illnesses: strokes, cardiac arrest, food poisoning, Allergies, influenza, flues/colds, bugs, asthma, seizures, convulsions, fainting. 3.2 Outline the procedures to be followed if an accident or sudden illness should occur. If an accident or sudden illness should occur you must first inform your senior member of staff by either raising the alarm by use of emergency alarm system or go and find them immediately, remain calm and explain the situation, ensure safety of all involved.
and safety. Outside organisations will also help with understanding of the correct to adhere to the rules. Outcome 2 Understand the use of risk assessments in relation to health and safety. 2.1 Define what is meant by hazard and risk. A hazard is a potential source of harm or adverse health effect on a person or persons. A risk is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard.2 Describe how to use a health and safety risk assessments. Health and Safety risk assessments are used for the following, Identifying risks, potential impact of risk, likelihood of occurrence, proposing precautionary measures, reducing risk and costs, complying with legal requirements and policies and procedures of organisation. 2.3 Explain how and when to report potential health and safety risks that have been identified.
For only.38.9/page, hire Writer, some of the main points of health and safety are as follows; control measures for hazards the arrangements for reporting accidents or health problems the arrangements for first aid, fire and emergencies who the key person is for health. The employer or manager, the employer and managers must provide a safe place of work, it is their job to assess risks and take action to reduce them, they must provide information, instruction, training and supervision, they must provide safety and warnings signs when necessary. Individuals, individuals (service user) must try to understand and comply with health and safety instructions and procedures and they must take responsibility for their own and others health and safety. 1.4 Identify tasks relating to health and safety that should only be carried out with special training. Administration of medicines by any method other than by mouth or external application. Moving and handling using a mechanical device. First aid, emergency procedures.5 Describe how short to access additional support and information relating to health and safety. There are many ways to access different sorts of support and information in relation to the health and safety if it is needed.
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1.1 List legislation relating to general health and safety in a social care setting. Health safety at Work Act. The management of health safety work regulations. Control of Substances hazardous to health Regulations (coshh) Manual Handling. Operations Regulations, the reporting of Injuries, diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (riddor) Personal Protective equipment regulations see more: explain why medication must only be handled following specialist training.2 Describe the main story points of health and safety polices and procedures. We will write a custom essay sample on health and safety in social care specifically for you for only.38.9/page, order now, we will write a custom essay sample on health and safety in social care specifically for you. For only.38.9/page, hire Writer, we will write a custom essay sample on health and safety in social care specifically for you.